The Arthur Conan Doyle Collection Lancelyn Green Bequest

Spirit Image with Conan Doyle appearing

Conan Doyle and Spiritualism

Apart from Sherlock Holmes perhaps the most significant aspect of Conan Doyle’s later life was his conversion to the cause of spiritualism.

He became one of the leading voices of the spiritualist movement after the First World War, when, like many people of his time, he lost close family members. Much of his later life was devoted to a crusade to spread the word of spiritualism across the world, through public speaking, and works such as The Land of Mists (1926) and The History of Spiritualism (1926).

He toured the globe speaking about what he saw as the ‘truth’ of séances, mediums, and visitations from the dead.

The Cottingley Fairies

Conan Doyle's faith in spiritualism was strong. He cared little whether others agreed with him or not. His friendship with Harry Houdini, the famous escapologist, ended because of their disagreements about spiritualism.

Many people ridiculed Conan Doyle’s faith in spiritualism, which seemed to them to contradict the rational, objective science of the Holmes stories.

The ridicule increased when he published 'The Coming of the Fairies', in which he supported the existence of fairies on the basis of the ‘eye-witness’ account of two young girls from Yorkshire. Their tale of The Cottingley Fairies, later made into a 1997 film, Fairy Tale: A True Story, confirmed to many the idea that Conan Doyle was losing his grip on reality.

Yet Conan Doyle’s importance within the history of spiritualism cannot be overestimated. Just days after his death, a spiritualist meeting at the Royal Albert Hall was organized so that he could make one final appearance from beyond the grave. Thousands attended, including Lady Conan Doyle and several of the Conan Doyle children. A row of chairs was arranged on the stage for the family, with one left empty for Sir Arthur himself. And even when he did not himself appear, there were many people in the audience who claimed they had felt his presence among them.



What's new?

Watch a message from Stephen Fry

Treasures of the Collection

Sign up for email updates

Download newsletter

Please answer our short survey

(You could win a copy of Study In Scarlet featuring an introduction by Steven Moffat!)


Sharing Sherlock Project